It is with great trepidation—and delight—that I edit this volume on the much debated subject of Sruti and smrti. The implications of these words, and their prodigious use in describing certain of India’s sacred texts, have considerable meaning to both Vedic scholars and Vaishnava practitioners. And, on some level, the designations are as hollow as they are hallowed, as we shall see. The subject is fraught with problems, with controversies, ranging from differing conceptions of history to a peculiar use of language; from a diversity of theological perspectives to the need for legitimation. All of this and much more will be covered in this volume.