The Gopāla-Mantra in Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇavism and Beyond

How to Cite

Ayush Goyal. (2022). The Gopāla-Mantra in Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇavism and Beyond: Journal of Vaishnava Studies. Journal of Vaishnava Studies, 24(2), 85–94. Retrieved from


Of the many dīkṣā-mantras (mantras given at initiation) in the Vaiṣṇava scriptures, the Gopāla-mantra is one of the most esoteric as it reveals the highest, most intimate aspect of prema or pure divine love, ultimately connoting mādhurya-rasa or the conjugal love of the gopīs, the cowherd maidens of Vṛndāvana: klīṁ kṛṣṇāya govindāya gopī-jana-vallabhāya svāhā—“oblations unto Kṛṣṇa, the tender of cows and lover of the cowherd damsels.”

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