Jaimini, Shankara, and the Alvars: Ramanuja’s Enduring Synthesis

How to Cite

Jon Paul Sydnor. (2022). Jaimini, Shankara, and the Alvars: Ramanuja’s Enduring Synthesis: Journal of Vaishnava Studies. Journal of Vaishnava Studies, 22(2), 9–26. Retrieved from https://ivsjournal.com/index.php/jvs/article/view/307


Ramanuja is considered one of the greatest theologians1 of the Hindu Vedanta tradition. Specifically, he is considered to be the greatest exponent of Vishishtadvaita (Qualified Non-Dualism), ranking him with Shankara, the greatest exponent of Advaita (Non-Dualism), and Madhva, the greatest exponent of Dvaita (Dualism). Although Ramanuja considered himself a revivalist rather than an innovator, he is nonetheless often referred to as the founder of the Vishishtadvaita tradition.

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